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Basic Facts

Basic Facts about NKR

Name: Lernayin Gharabaghi Hanrapetutyun / Nagorno Karabakh Republic (NKR), also known as Mountainous Karabakh, or Artsakh in Armenian

Size: 4457 sq. miles

Population: 145,000 (2002 est.)

Language: Hayeren / Armenian (Indo-European language family)

Ethnic Composition: Over 95% Armenian, 5% minorities

Religion: Armenian Apostolic Christian, with some Orthodox, Evangelicals and Jews

Minorities: Assyrians, Kurds, Greeks

Neighboring States: Republic of Azerbaijan; Soviet-era borders placed NKR four kilometers east of Armenia, but today Lachin corridor makes the two contiguous.

Capital: Stepanakert

Flag: Tricolor, equal stripes of red, blue and orange with white squares.

National Currency: Dram (abbr. AMD)

National Holidays:

New Year's Day January 1, 2 (& December 31)
Christmas January 6
Artsakh Revival Day [1988] February 20
Women's Day March 8
Motherhood and Beauty Day April 7
Genocide Memorial Day [1915] April 24
Worker's Solidarity Day May 1
Victory, Armed Forces &
Shushi Liberation Day [1945, 1992]
May 9
First Armenian Republic Day [1918] May 28
Children's Day June 1
Fallen Soldiers' and Missing in Action Memorial Day June 29
Independence Day [1991] September 2
Armenian Earthquake Memorial Day [1988] December 7
Independence Referendum Day [1991] December 10

Land: Mostly mountainous

Largest Towns: Stepanakert, Shushi, Martuni, Mardakert, Hadrout

Highest Peaks: Mt. Mrav 3,340 m., Mt. Kirs 2,725 m.

Largest Body of Water: Sarsang Reservoir

Rivers: Terter, Khachen